Differences Between HTML vs CSS

Differences Between HTML vs CSS

HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the core web scripting languages for building web pages and web applications. HTML provides web pages’ structure, whereas CSS is mainly used to control the styling and layout (visual and aural) of web pages. HTML provides tags that are surrounding the content of any web page elements.TML markup consists of different types of components, including tags, entity references, character-based types, and references. CSS is the style sheet language for describing web pages’ presentation and design, including colors, fonts, and layouts. It is mainly designed to enable the distinction between presentation and content, including colors, layouts, and fronts.

Here, we will be having a detailed discussion of the difference between HTML and CSS.

HTML is basically the standard markup language for describing the structure of web pages. In this way, the heading and the content structure of the web page can be implemented. HHTML document type declaration is another component of HTML. It is used for triggering standard mode rendering. HTML documents normally consist of a structure of nested HTML elements. The general format of an HTML element can be described as below:

Examples of HTML and CSS

Example:   <tag attribute1= “value1” attribute2=”value2”>’’content’’</tag>. Here,

The HTML element defines a specific section of a webpage.

Start tag : <tag attribute1= “value1” attribute2=”value2”> (It is used to define the beginning of the element)

Content: It can be texts, links, images and other information present on the web page.

End Tag: </tag> (It is used to declare the closure of the HTML element)

CSS can be used in different types of devices, like large or small screens and printers. It is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language. The World Wide Web Consortium mainly maintains the CSS specifications.  CSS rule-set consists of a selector and a declaration block. It can be described as below:

Example:   h1 { color: white;  font-style: italic }. Here,

Selector: h1 (It indicates the HTML element which needs to be styled)

Property: “color and font-style” (It defines the aspects of elements that need to be changed)

Declaration Block: “color: white; font-style: italic” (It describes one or more declarations separated by semicolons)

Values: “white and italic” (It indicates the parameters of the selected properties.

Like two sides of a coin, both HTML and CSS have a few pros and cons.

Pros and Cons

Following are some pros and cons of HTML and CSS:

HTML (Pros)

  1. Easy to learn and code
  2. It is free to use, and no license is required
  3. Properly interpreted by browsers
  4. It supports multiple languages
  5. Lightweight and it supports multiple platforms
  6. Large community support

HTML (Cons)

  1. It has limited security features
  2. Slow Technical progress
  3. Being a static language, it can’t produce dynamic output

CSS (Pros)

  1. It has a much broader range of attributes than HTML
  2. It has improved website speed, and pages consume less time to load properly
  3. It supports offline browsing
  4. It is compatible with multiple devices
  5. It is easy to maintain
  6. Good community support
  7. It provides much better web page style formats than HTML

CSS (Cons)

  1. It has a fragmentation problem, and thus, it has a performance variance between two browsers.
  2. Being an open text-based system, it doesn’t have any built-in security
  3. It can get messy sometimes and can create complications in codes.


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